Nikola Tesla - The Forgotten Father
of Today & Tomorrow
Plasma International works with high frequencies
and high voltages, and thus we are frequently referencing
the theories of the original “mad scientist” Nikola
Tesla and the thoughts of his best friend, Mark Twain.
The life and work of Nikola
Tesla is in the focus of interest above all for his ingenuity
and contribution to world science and engineering. Had the
alternating electric current system been the only thing he
ever invented, the name of Nikola Tesla would still remain
permanently inscribed on the list of the most renowned people
whose work has been of pivotal importance for the development
Moreover, knowing that Tesla invented or theoretically anticipated
almost all technical devices people are using today, with which
he helped usher in the Second Industrial Revolution, his role
Tesla wrote more than 1800 patents, most now “missing”.
See 135 Tesla patents.
Tesla gave us alternating current and the first hydro-electric
dam powered from Niagara Falls When Nikola Tesla discovered
the electron, he wrote to J.J. Thomson in 1891 saying his experiments
prove the existence of charged particles ("small charged
balls"). After Tesla died in 1943 the Supreme Court of
the USA overturned Marconi's patent of modern radio in favour
of Nikola Tesla. The
fool can make things bigger, more complex, and more
violent. It takes a touch of genius and a lot of
courage to move in the opposite direction”.
That was a quote from Albert Einstein
pictured here with Tesla. Tesla had nothing but contempt
for the "physics"
of Einstein. He absolutely believed in the ether and
the possibility of taking electricity out of this ether
without splitting the atom and causing dangerous radiation.
Tesla didn't think about splitting these atoms to obtain
enormous power in such a potentially hazardous manner.
He knew that his system of
wireless transmission harnessed to Niagara Falls was a safe
template to be copied again and again to provide all the safe,
clean power that was necessary to run the modern industrial
At the beginning of the war, the US government
desperately searched for a way to detect German submarines.
Thomas Edison was put in charge of the search and when Tesla
proposed the use of energy waves ( what we know today as radar)
to detect these ships, Edison rejected Tesla's idea as completely
|A Few of
1. Tesla Coil & auto ignition system
2. AC induction engine (no carbon brushes)
3. Solar powered engines
4. Transmitting Power without Wires (called WiTriciity
5. Seeing by Telephone and wirelessly (TV & Radio)
6. A Means of Employing Electricity as a Fertiliser
7. Fluorescent Lighting & neon lights.
8. Specialized lighting and a precursor to the X-ray machine
9. Vertical Take Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft
10. Terrestrial Stationary Waves
13. Valvular Conduit
14. Earthquake Machine
15. Magnifying transmitter
17. Death Rays
18. Thermo-Electric Power
19. X-Ray machine
21. Electrotherapeutics and Biotronics
22. Computing Logic Circuits/Remote Control/Communications
23. Bladeless Turbine
24. Solar Tower
First Hydro-Electric Powerhouse
At Niagra Falls, Tesla was the first to successfully harness
the mechanical energy of flowing water. Change it to electrical
energy, and distribute it to distant homes and industries. His
revolutionary model set the standard for hydroelectric power as
we know it to day. Since his childhood, Tesla had dreamed of harnessing
the power of the great natural wonder. And in late 1893, his dream
became a reality, when Westinghouse was awarded the contract to
create the powerhouse. It was the most likely power source for
Tesla's wirelessly powered car.... think about that..
In the past NASA used a 12 mile long wire,
it charged freely from the potential electricity in the area
above the magnetosphere. Tesla knew this, and NASA used his
research to launch STS 75.. The tether incident of STS 75 launched
in 1997 proved the fact that electricity can be produced in
abundance for free, unexpectedly it produced many, many more
times the voltage than was originally expected, and calculated.
All this power was free energy, the technology was theorized
by the man of light himself, Nicola Tesla.
"All matter comes from a primary substance, the luminiferous
ether," stated Nikola Tesla. He sensed the universe
was "composed of a symphony of alternating currents
with the harmonies played on a vast range of octaves,".
To explore the whole range of electrical vibration, he sensed,
would bring him closer to an understanding of the cosmic
symphony. Tesla understood that the cosmic symphony is resonance.
Nothing exists in the Universe that does not have harmonic
Tesla Taps the Cosmos Tesla’s patents
in this direction are based on alleged discovery by him that
when cosmic rays or radiations are permitted to fall upon or
impinge against an insulated conducting body P connected to
one terminal of a condenser, such as C in Fig. 4, while the
other terminal of the condenser is made by independent means
to receive or carry away electricity, a current flows into
the condenser so long as the insulated body P is exposed to
such rays; so that an indefinite, yet measurable, accumulation
of electrical energy in the condenser takes place. This energy,
after a suitable time interval, during which the rays are allowed
to act in the manner aforementioned, may manifest itself in
a powerful discharge, which may be utilized for the operation
or control of a mechanical or electrical device consisting
of an instrument R, to be operated and a circuit-controlling
device d (Fig.
Tesla bases his theory on the fact that the earth is negatively
charged with electricity and he considers same to act as a
vast reservoir of such a current. By the action of cosmic rays
on the plate P there is an accumulation of electrical energy
in the condenser C. A feeble current is flows continuously
into the condenser and in a short time it becomes charged to
a relatively high potential, even to the point of rupturing
the dielectric. This accumulated charge can then, of course,
be used to actuate any device desired.
An illustration of a proposed form of apparatus which may be
used in carrying out his discovery is referred to in Fig.4.
Centre to Tesla’s Letterhead was the antenna of Tesla's
"World's radio station" which he constructed in Long
Island in the vicinity of New York, it testifies his farsightedness
and ingenuity. His idea was that this station, build in 1900
should by remote wireless control transmit throughout the world
not only the news but music and photographs as well. However,
that great plan could not be carried out because when it was
realised free unmetered energy could be made available to everyone
Tesla’s funding was terminated and his tower was destroyed.
In 1960 the International Commission for Electrical Engineering,
at its session in Philadelphia decided that the unit of magnetic
induction is to be universally called “Tesla".
Electrotherapeutics - Nikola Tesla discovered that alternating
currents of high frequency (10kHz or greater) could pass over
the body without harm. In fact, levels of electrical energy
that would prove fatal at a reduced frequency could be tolerated
when the frequency was above l0kHz. During his lecture before
the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE) at Columbia
College on May 20, 1891, Tesla predicted that medical use would
be made of this phenomenon. A year later, d'Arsonval independently
reported similar observations on the physiological effects
of high frequency currents before the Society of Biology in
Paris. In early 1892, Tesla met d'Arsonval on a lecture tour
of France where Tesla was pleasantly surprised to find that
d'Arsonval used his oscillators to investigate the physiological
effects of high frequency currents.
It is clear from Nikola Tesla's lectures and publications
beginning in 1891 that he was the first to discover that
radio frequency (rf) currents could be employed safely for
therapeutic benefits, Tesla also suggested that rf currents
could be used for other medical purposes--the sterilization
of wounds, as an anesthesia, for stimulation of the skin,
and to produce surgical incisions. As Patton H. McGinley,
Ph.D., of the Emory Cancer Clinic has stated: History has
not been kind to Tesla in the sense that the credit for all
of the pioneering work in the field of electrotherapy has
gone almost exclusively to d'Arsonval.
Tesla was a pathfinder in rf communication and communication
theory. In the early 1890s, Tesla entertained the scientist
and general public alike with his demonstrations of high frequency,
high voltage experiments. This type of electricity was virtually
unheard of, indeed, even unimaginable, before Tesla developed
the Tesla coil and demonstrated it before the IEE at an 1891
lecture in London, England.
Tesla's experiments with high frequency, high voltage electricity
continued throughout the decade. During this period, he invented
several types of lights based on this unique power source.
In fact, he utilized fluorescent lighting in his laboratory
thirty years before it was to be in general use in industry.
Perhaps it is because of these experiments, Tesla believed
that wireless power was possible!
In 1898, at Madison Square Gardens he publicly
demonstrated a remote control submersible boat. This clearly
established that Tesla was a man years-decades-ahead of conventional
science and technology! In this amazing feat of engineering,
he incorporated the use AND gates (logic circuits), digital
communication, electromechanical interfacing (robotics), and
radio--all of which were virtually undeveloped (and unimaginable)
at the time! Despite the Madison Square demonstration, the
Navy turned its back on Tesla's invention at the time because
it was too advanced for them to comprehend.
Transmission of Power
Tesla considered his crowning achievement
to be the wireless transmission of power at Colorado Springs
in 1899. In 1900, upon his return to New York, Century Magazine
published Tesla's article, The Problem of Increasing Human Energy
which was amply illustrated with photos from Tesla's Colorado
Tesla's work in Colorado Springs allowed him to return
to New York to pursue the next phase of the wireless
technology development... the construction of a full
scale transmitter at Wardenclyffe on Long Island. To
do this required immense amounts of money... money which
Tesla did not have at the time. To get the money, Tesla
approached the one person in New York who would have
the sums necessary... J. Pierpont Morgan.
In The Problem of Increasing Human Energy,
Tesla laid out his vision for the evolution of power production
and the furtherance of mankind. It is quite a remarkable philosophical
work in that it gives us deep insight to Tesla's thought formation
processes. Perhaps when J.P. Morgan read this fine essay, he
realized how dangerous Tesla was to the status quo and decided
to fund Tesla's work in order to control the direction that
Tesla's work took.
Unfortunately, Tesla's funds ran out halfway through the
project and the Morgan interests refused to further fund
Tesla's work. Tesla was forced into bankruptcy and his beloved
Wardenclyffe tower was destroyed on the pretext of "national
security!" Bankrupted and cut off from funds, Tesla
nevertheless continued his work in a new field... mechanical
Means of Employing
Electricity as a Fertiliser
Not the least ingenious of Tesla's great
schemes is was an invention to fertilise impoverished land
by electricity. No longer would it be necessary for the farmer
to spend half his year's receipts in purchasing fertilisers,
he only had to buy an electric fertilizer machine of his
own. Dumping a few loads of loose earth into the fertiliser
machine, it comes out at the other end, ready to be spread
over the surface of the impoverished ground, where it will
insure for the following season the luxurious crop of the
The explanation which Tesla gave of just why
so simple a piece of work should be productive of such wonderful
results is not difficult to comprehend. "
Everyone knows," said Tesla, " that the constituent
of a fertiliser which makes the ground productive is its nitrogen.
Everybody knows also that nitrogen forms four-fifths of the volume
of the atmosphere above that piece of unfertile land. This being
the case it occurred to me: 'Where is the sense in the farmer
buying expensive nitrogen when he has it free of cost at his
own door? All the agriculturist needs is some method by which
he can separate some of this nitrogen from the atmosphere above
the ground and place it on the surface.' And it was to discover
this means that I set to work."
As far as the non-technical eye can perceive, the working
model of the electric fertiliser consists of nothing but
an upright copper cylinder with a removable top, with a spiral
coil of wire running throughout the length of the cylinder.
Through the bottom of the cylinder are two wires, which connect
with a specially constructed dynamo. A quantity of loose
earth, treated by a secret chemical preparation in liquid
form, is shovelled into the cylinder, a high frequency electric
current is passed through the confined atmosphere; the oxygen
and hydrogen are thus expelled, and the nitrogen which remains
is absorbed into the loose earth. There is thus produced
as strong a fertiliser for a nominal price at home, rather
than purchase at a large cost miles and miles away.
In an effort to return to profitability, Tesla developed
a new type of bladeless pump and turbine that would have reduced
the conventional pumps and turbines to the scrap heap. His
initial work at the Watertown Power Station in New York indicated
that his method could take advantage of the latent power of
vaporization by using saturated steam. Later, he worked with
Allis-Chalmers engineers in Milwaukee to develop the turbine.
However, internal friction led to the disruption of the project
and it was abandoned. Scientists today continue to scour through
his notes. Many of his far-flung theories are just now being
proven by our top scientists. For example, Tesla’s bladeless
disk turbine engine, when coupled with modern materials, is
proving to be the most efficient motor ever designed.
Teslas 1901 patented experiments with
cryogenic liquids and electricity provide the foundation for
modern superconductors. He talked about experiments that suggested
particles with fractional charges of an electron - something
that scientists in 1977 finally discovered - quarks!
Einstein turned the world upside down with his theory of relativity,
the only one who opposed him was Tesla. According to Tesla,
Einstein’s relativity wasn’t
sufficiently relative. He proved to Einstein that he could
create velocities that are much greater than the speed of light.
He considered Constant C the basis, and not the fastest velocity
in the universe.
There are three things to think about Tesla
when talking about this particular project. The first ... we
should think of Tesla every time we look at a microwave oven;
again the radiation frequency of the microwave oven and the
concept of the microwave oven was Tesla's.
The second thing is, it is a frequency transformer. Tesla,
with the Tesla coil, changes one frequency to another frequency.
What we are doing up there, we're taking at 5 megahertz a frequency
which radiates in the ground and we transform it into 1 hertz,
5 hertz, 10 hertz, or whatever it is. So we have really a frequency
transformer similar to what Tesla was thinking. Third, and
most important, once we create the waves they propagate exactly
the way Tesla conceived it through the earth ionosphere waveguide. Source:
Selections from an interview with Dr. Dennis Papadopoulos Professor
of Physics, University of Maryland Senior Science Advisor,
H.A.A.R.P (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program)
Tesla was one of the world's most original
and greatest inventors and thinkers, but because he was so
original and out of his time, his genius was mistaken for insanity
and science fiction. Tesla technology is still promising, it
continues to run up against a wall of "organized opposition".
Tesla was a “true” inventor in that he did not
merely improve on existing technology, but instead he had a
tendency to create entire new industries with his radical ideas.
Although much of Tesla's work remains to be reconstructed,
he will at least be an active topic of discussion well into
the 21st century.
Tesla Patents »